Caffa, I., Spagnolo, V., Vernieri, C. et al. Fasting-mimicking diet and hormone therapy induce breast cancer regression. Nature 583, 620–624 (2020). (Trial 1 & 2)

de Groot, S., Lugtenberg, R.T., Cohen, D. et al. Fasting mimicking diet as an adjunct to neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer in the multicentre randomized phase 2 DIRECT trial. Nat Commun 11, 3083 (2020). (Trial 6)

Lugtenberg, R.T., de Groot, S., Kaptein, A.A. et al. Quality of life and illness perceptions in patients with breast cancer using a fasting mimicking diet as an adjunct to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the phase 2 DIRECT (BOOG 2013–14) trial. Breast Cancer Res Treat (2020). (Trial 6)

Safdie, F. M., Dorff, T., Quinn, D., Fontana, L., Wei, M., Lee, C., … Longo, V. D. (2009). Fasting and cancer treatment in humans: A case series report. Aging (Albany NY), 1(12), 988–1007. (Trial 8)

De Groot, S., Vreeswijk, M. P., Welters, M. J., Gravesteijn, G., Boei, J. J., Jochems, A., … Kroep, J. R. (2015). The effects of short-term fasting on tolerance to (neo) adjuvant chemotherapy in HER2-negative breast cancer patients: a randomized pilot study. BMC Cancer, 15, 652. (Trial 9)

Dorff, T. B., Groshen, S., Garcia, A., Shah, M., Tsao-Wei, D., Pham, H., … Quinn, D. I. (2016). Safety and feasibility of fasting in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy. BMC Cancer, 16, 360. (Trial 10)

Bauersfeld SP, Kessler CS, Wischnewsky M, Jaensch A, Steckhan N, Stange R, Kunz B, Brückner B, Sehouli J, Michalsen A. The effects of short-term fasting on quality of life and tolerance to chemotherapy in patients with breast and ovarian cancer: a randomized cross-over pilot study. BMC Cancer. 2018 Apr 27;18(1):476. doi: 10.1186/s12885-018-4353-2. (Trial 11)

Vernieri C, Signorelli D, Galli G, et al. Exploiting FAsting-mimicking Diet and MEtformin to Improve the Efficacy of Platinum-pemetrexed Chemotherapy in Advanced LKB1-inactivated Lung Adenocarcinoma: The FAME Trial. Clin Lung Cancer. 2019;20(3):e413-e417. doi:10.1016/j.cllc.2018.12.011 (Trial 43)


van den Burg, Elske L et al. Fasting in diabetes treatment (FIT) trial: study protocol for a randomised, controlled, assessor-blinded intervention trial on the effects of intermittent use of a fasting-mimicking diet in patients with type 2 diabetes. BMC endocrine disorders vol. 20,1 94. 24 Jun. 2020, doi:10.1186/s12902-020-00576-7 (Trial 40)

Brandhorst S, Choi IY, Wei M, et al. A Periodic Diet that Mimics Fasting Promotes Multi-System Regeneration, Enhanced Cognitive Performance, and Healthspan. Cell Metab. 2015;22(1):86–99. doi:10.1016/j.cmet.2015.05.012 (Trial 45)

Wei M, Brandhorst S, Shelehchi M, et al. Fasting-mimicking diet and markers/risk factors for aging, diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. Sci Transl Med. 2017;9(377). doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.aai8700 (Trial 45)

Neurogenerative & Depression

Maniaci G, La Cascia C, Giammanco A, et al. Efficacy of a fasting-mimicking diet in functional therapy for depression: A randomised controlled pilot trial. J Clin Psychol. 2020;76(10):1807-1817. doi:10.1002/jclp.22971 (Trial 19)

Choi IY, Piccio L, Childress P, et al. A Diet Mimicking Fasting Promotes Regeneration and Reduces Autoimmunity and Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms. Cell Rep. 2016;15(10):2136–2146. doi:10.1016/j.celrep.2016.05.009 (Trial 46)